Māori Plant Use

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Plant Use Details 

Cardamine debilis. Panapana. New Zealand bitter cress.
FAMILY: Brassicaceae Cabbage or cress family
BOTANICAL NAME: Cardamine debilis
PREVIOUS NAMES: Cardamine heterophylla; Cardamine hirsuta (in Taylor 1870)
MĀORI NAME: panapana
COMMON NAME: New Zealand bitter cress
MEDICINAL: See Riley 1994 for information on medicinal uses of related plants elsewhere in the world.
FOOD: Boiled, eaten as cabbage (Kirk, in Taylor 1870).
'The leaf in taste resembles the common cress' (Taylor 1847)
'The leaves of the panapana..., particularly the larger form found at track edges in lowland bush, can be used chopped in sandwiches, but I have found it rather hot to eat by itself' (Mason 1950)